The Olympus XA Family

The Olympus

XA series of cameras were compact sorta cameras in a clam-shell case, kind of new and innovative at the time. Although this camera was supposedly replaced by the Epic Stylus mju series in 1991, the diehard XA fans really felt it was a “downgrade”. Well, that’s food for contention. It was bigger, but the ability to add on a relatively powerful flash, paired with a stupendous lens, made it a winner. OK, you had to have “bigger” pockets. But so what. The images were on par with any Zeiss or Nikon glass at the time.


Olympus XA
Takes LR44 or A76 batteries,…Still plentiful.


And in the Beginning…. Olympus XA

The original XA came out in 1979. It had an actual rangefinder focusing mechanism and an aperture priority exposure system within it’s relatively small footprint. A true accomplishment in 1979. And the six element Zuiko 35mm f/2.8 lens and a shutter to 1/500 made it a real camera capable of some awesome imaging. Even to this day. Along with the A11 flash, that attached seamlessly to the body, why more people don’t opt for this camera over a Yashica T4 leaves most photographer’s scratching their collective heads.


Olympus XA


Now, I’m not going to say the heft and solid feel of the camera could possibly compete with the Titanium wonders that came along a bit later. E.g., Contax T2/3, Nikon Ti, Leica Minilux, etc. But they were mostly 90’s cameras, and other than build, (and price), they’d be hard pressed to produce better images.

The XA2,…the Most Common XA

In 1980, the XA2 was released by Olympus. A simple version of the XA. For weekend warriors I guess. It went from a six element Zuiko 35mm f/2.8 to a four element Zuiko 35mm f/3.5. It’s shutter speed increased to 1/750 and programmed exposure. And it could focus down to 1 meter. So, as you can see, there were improvements and cost cutting measures incorporated. A conundrum. It had no DX, of course, and film ASA was limited to 25 to 800. The cool thing for ‘collectors’ is the limited number of colored ones in red, blue, white and pink! With pink being the rarest. But, like I wouldn’t buy a pink Instax camera, I wouldn’t buy a pink XA. (I would think any color other than black is for collectors alone)


Olympus XA
Just for the ‘Collector’?


The exposure meter was a sensor above the lens, and worked quite well. Especially considering this was pre “fuzzy logic, matrix, blah-blah, etc.” metering. The XA1 came out in 1982. Don’t ask me about the perplexing Japanese thought process on numbering. It was simpler and cheaper. I am not a fan of the lens on this model, but I’m sure I’ll hear about it. It had a four element 35mm f/4 lens. It’s shutter was limited from1/30 to 1/250. (I guess they thought you’d never go to the beach) The programmed mode used a new at the time selenium metering sensor,….but it only had 2 ASA settings! 100 and 400 ISO. Olympus called this model the “XA1”. I called it the “Mom” camera.

DX Coding  and 1600 Arrives

Olympus finally released an XA3. It was basically an X2, but had DX coding and could accommodate 1600 speed film. It also had a better meter than the XA2, allowing for exposure compensation. So, you think that’s it? Yes, there was an XA4 released in 1985. Although I’ve personally never seen one, it had a five element Zuiko 28mm f/3.5 lens that could focus to a little over a foot. Very close considering this was not an SLR camera, and parallax was of great concern. Olympus addressed this by including a special strap for measuring .5 meter and .3 meter distances. Okey dokey.My personal favorites are the XA and XA2.


Olympus XA


The Integrated Flash

Now to the A11. But that’s not the only flash made for the Olympus XA. There was the A9M, the A11, and the A16. Oh, and let’s not forget the A1L, which was for the XA4 only. Below is a chart of the various models. Only the GN’s for the A1L are suspect, since that was suppose to be a macro camera. I guess. You just dialed in the film speed. Unfortunately, they only have 100 and 400 ISO selections. Guide Numbers are shown in the chart. These are no Nikon SB-900’s, but for a compact, the GN is high.


ModelWeightGNBatteryRecycle100 ASA400 ASA
A9M1.8oz30 ft1xAA7 sec7.5 ft14.8 ft
A1L1.4oz23 ftLithium1.5 sec6 ft10 ft
A112.3oz33 ft1xAA7 sec8.2f t16.4 ft
A163.1oz59 ft2xAA5 sec13.2 ft26.4 ft


Below is a link to the PDF Olympus manual for the original Olympus XA. A good read if you’re pondering a sturdy, proven film point and shoot. Not a Leica, but they go for a song, and the images are sharp and clear.


Oly XA Manual





This Post Has 4 Comments

  1. Thanks for the link to the Manual; I just picked up an XA w/A11 flash in it’s original Plastic Hardshell case. Just have to get the batteries. Thrift store find!

  2. They’re out there, and produce awesome images. Although the XA2 was probably the most popular, the XA is still my fave.

  3. I discovered the XA series in 1998 when I walked into​ a music store that also carried off & ends, including a half dozen or so of Olympus XA’s. The owner told me he was liquidating his inventory so he could concentrate on selling musical products. He said that the XA & XA-2’s were the most popular, so I bought both. I have four now, & they are a joy to use. Thanks​ for your site.

  4. We hope to be expanding soon and show a lot more talent. I’m glad you like the site. (and XA, too)

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