The story about Toby Deveson showed people were really interested in his quite inexpensive equipment. The Nikon Nikkormat cameras. Especially because he produces such awesome images with it. Almost like an anti-equipment statement. “I don’t need no stinkin’ $5000 camera”.
Nikon Nikkormat Cameras – Mechanical and Electronic
Nikon started their “semi professional” camera series, and commitment to the F mount, in 1965, which included the Nikon Nikkormat cameras starting with the FT. While professional, it was really their first foray into mid-range cameras. Kind of “prosumer” before the word was even in the dictionary. The start of Nikon becoming the best SLR cameras in the world. But at less cost than their F models. Other manufacturers followed suit, seeing the potential in a step down from their pro models.(i.e., Canon Pellix, Minolta SR-7, Pentax Spotmatic SP, etc.)
These models allowed the general public and hobbyist to own the Nikon marque at a reduced price. Remarkably, they were really built as well as their pro sisters. They were rock solid and extremely well made. Remember, this was the pre plastic age as far as SLRs. They may have had a few less features, but they even had mirror lockup! Even pros said they couldn’t tell much difference between the Nikkormats and F’s.
FM and FE Prototypes
They made 2 basic models. A Mechanical body and Electronic body. (Shutter) Between 1965 to 1979 they produced 8 models before ceasing production. About the same time they released the Nikon FM in1977 and Nikon FE in1978.
The mechanical Nikkormats were the FS, FT, FTn, FT2 and FT3. The electronic shutter versions were the EL, ELW and EL2. In fact, the EL was Nikons’ first electronic shutter camera. You could say they were the “prototype” of the Nikon FEs. The FMs and FEs were actually considered “compact” versions of the Nikkormats. with more refinements, of course. (TTL, better meters, higher sync speeds, etc.)
Mechanical Nikkormats have shutter, max 1/1000 and X sync is 1/125.
- FS … no metering capability.
- FT … TTL average metering. Set minimum aperture by hand,
- FTn … TTL center weighted metering, no minimum aperture.
- FT2 … It has a hot accessory shoe on the pentagonal prism.
- FT3 … (AI Lenses) Set minimum aperture by Automatic Indexing.
Electronic Nikkormats … Have an electronic shutter, and these models have aperture priority auto exposure (AE). All EL series have a hot shoe.
- EL … First Nikon body that came with a electronic shutter and AE.
- ELW … Permit the use of a winder.
- EL2 … The AI method links the Aperture ring.
All You Need
The Nikon Nikkormat models were “simple, only what you need” awesome cameras. Solid as a rock. GREATLY undervalued. They also take the legendary pre-AI lenses, producing striking images. Although it was weird that the cameras for the Japanese market were named differently. The ones sold in Japan were called “Nikomat”,….the rest of the world was “Nikkormat”. However, they are identical. See cover image. Find Nikkormat